Articles, Articles

2.- Latin for Drummies – Candombe Drums

What to play?

 

1. – Madera:

“Madera” is a figure played with the stick in the shell of the drum, cause the drum is wooden made, that’s the meaning of the name (“Madera” means wood in spanish).

 

The director, usually the most experienced and valious drummer of the group, starts playing this figure in the shell of his drum.

 

When everybody hears the speed and intention, they start copying it in their own drums.

 

This is the way for getting “in tune” about what and how to play.

 

The “Madera” figure and it’s relation with the pulse.

  • Text Hover
2. – Chico drum.

 

This one, the highest pitched drum, is the most important drum in Candombe.

 

Cause what it plays gives identity to this language.

 

It’s easy to understand what it plays… but really hard to! 

  • Text Hover

Here you can check it with it’s relation with the “Madera” and pulse.


Note the accent played with the hand on the second sixteenth note in every beat…


This is the identity of this drum and one of the mainly aspects of Candombe!

  • Text Hover

The cross written in the third space is what the hand plays. With this symbol we’re gonna represent the playing of a slapped-high pitched-tone stroke, without choking the head!

 

The circle written in the first space represents the notes played by the stick. Remember…Do not leave the stick ON the head. Let it fly back!

3. – Piano drum.

 

The lowest pitched drum has the solid-base function.

 

The drummer is allowed to make some variations but always staying “on tune” and without attempting to the groove.


  • Text Hover

Check the base rhythm by the Piano drum and it’s relation with the “Madera” and pulse.

 

Note that the first open-tone happens at the same time with the second note of the “Madera” figure.

 

The second open-tone is placed between the fourth and fifth note of the “Madera” figure.

 

This is the identity of this drum and one of the mainly aspects of Candombe.

 

 

  • Text Hover

The Note written in the third space represents the palm of the hand on the head (standing ON the head), like the bass-tone stroke on tumbadoras.


The Cross written in the first space is what the stick plays. With this symbol we’re gonna represent the stick staying ON the head, without bouncing!


The circle written in the first space too (cause is played by the stick). It represents the open tone of the drum played by the stick WITHOUT staying on the head!

4. – Repique drum.

 

Last, but no less important.


This drum has the improvisation role.


It works basically on two different “states” first of all playing the “Madera” figure with all the different variations.


And the “improvisation” part, where the drum has a “base” and starting in that figure… free your mind to an infinite amount of combinations and beautiful rhythm phrases!

  • Text Hover

Check the base figure with it’s relation to the “Madera” figure and pulse.


Note where the hand-played notes are placed, some of them happen at the very same time with the Chico drum, emphasizing it…some of them no…


Pay special attention to the one placed similar with the last note of the “Madera” figure and in pulse number 4.

  • Text Hover

The cross written in the third space is what the hand plays. With this symbol we’re gonna represent the playing of a slapped-high pitched-tone stroke, without choking the head!

 


The circle written in the first space represents the notes played by the stick. Remember…Do not leave the stick ON the head. Let it fly back!


Download the Full Article.

 

Check the following VIDEO about this Article.